10 things about….The Carlino / Pug

He has a reputation for being grumpy, sullen and unpleasant to anyone other than his owner.

We in #blog today are going to dismantle that badly attributed fame, because if it were true what they say, would it have been the preferred race of kings and queens throughout history? wouldn’t it be an uncommon race?

Today we’re talking about the Carlino.

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1- History and origin: the Carlino is the oldest “little interior dogo“; and the first to become fashionable. Since the 16th century it has been in the arms of princes, kings and even emperors. The original trunk of the Carlino comes from China. At the beginning of the 17th century the Westerners began to trade with the Chinese and the Dutch East India Company brought to Europe luxury goods such as silk, or the small Pai dogs, favorites of the Chinese emperors.

It used to be called “Fo’s dog“;, that is, Buddha’s dog. They were considered sacred. They have their tail curled over their back, just like other Asian dogs such as the Tibetan dogo, the chow-chow or the shar-pei. Throughout the 17th century it spread from the Netherlands and England to numerous European courts. In France, the “good society” considered the carlino as an external sign of wealth that was of good tone to exhibit. It was later replaced by the Pekingese. After the Second World War, the Carlino became relatively rare until it became fashionable again thanks to the Duke and Duchess of Windsor who did not hide his preference for this race, reawakening interest from the sixties without having declined later. At present the breed is best represented in the United States.


2- The origin of its name comes from the Italian. Carlino was the nickname of a famous actor of the mid-eighteenth century, Carlo Bertinazzi, who was part of the Italian Comedy installed in Paris and acted as Harlequin (his black mask recalls the characteristic face of this race). In England adopted the name “pug“; derived from the Latin pugnus, fist, which ended up meaning “small dog”.


3- Character: calm, sociable, sensitive, very attached to its owners, alive and very playful.


4- Behavior: they have a reputation for ugly and unsociable but it is not correct. It is a dog reserved and distrustful and even a little hostile to strangers, does not lavish his caresses to anyone but is an excellent small companion dog capable of much affection and devotion to its owner. The relationship with children in very good and with other dogs good (although not usually related to other dogs). He’s nice, open and playful. You have a very British sense of comfort. It’s a dog that purrs and has a tendency to snore. He doesn’t like a sport, short walks are enough for him. He’s educated well and soon. He’s got a very good appetite, too much sometimes.

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5- Weight and height: 8 kg approximately. Height: about 35 cm.


6- Colour: silver, apricot, fawn or black; each colour is clearly defined so that there is a complete contrast between the colour of the coat and the mask.


7- Health: Because of its very short nose, it supports badly the heat wave (hottest period of the year), it is convenient to avoid that it makes exercise when it is very hot; The globular eyes are very sensitive to the dust, the tall grasses and the air currents. It is necessary to clean them periodically with physiological serum; Also it is necessary to clean the fold of the skin above the nose, wiping it with cotton and putting vaseline; As for the alimentary hygiene, to avoid the excess of fats and candies.


8- Skills: companion dog.


9- Arrangement: null.


10- Life expectancy: ten to twelve years.

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